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Raccoons

Damage

Raccoons nest in the eaves of homes and commercial buildings, inside attics, under crawl spaces and inside chimneys. They can also cause major structural damage. Raccoons are known to tear through roofing, siding and screened vents to enter attics and eaves. Raccoons love to dig up our beautiful lawns in search of earthworms and grubs.

 

General Facts:

Raccoons most noticeable characteristics are the black “bandit” face mask and its dark and light ringed bushy tail. Most raccoons in the northeast are a greyish-brown color mixed with darker colored guard hairs producing a mottled overall appearance. Raccoons have 40 teeth, including 4 elongated sharp canine teeth. The hind legs of the raccoon are longer than the front legs, giving them a hunched appearance as they walk or run. There are five toes on each foot with the front feet being dexterous which allows the raccoon the ability to grasp and clutch items. Raccoon weights vary from region to region. Most adult male raccoons in northern states weigh 15-18 pounds with females averaging 2-3 pounds less. Occasional specimens in northern states may weigh 30 pounds.

Breeding seasons for raccoons are usually in January in southern states, and February in the middle and northern states. Young males are evicted from the dens at this time and mature male raccoons search out all available females . Female raccoons are capable of breeding at 10 months of age, but males do not breed until their second year of life. Gestation is usually 63 days, and 2-4 young are common in southern states. Litters of 4-6 are more common in northern states. The young raccoons are cared for solely by the mothers and mother raccoons are aggressive in the protection of their young. Ten years of age is considered old for a wild raccoon.