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Rodents

Why you have Rodents:

Mice and rats can live wherever humans live or store food products, or dispose of refuse. Rats are excellent climbers, jumpers and swimmers. Mice can fit through a hole the size of your finger tip. These rodents have a remarkable ability to adapt. Rodents enter buildings in search of food, water, and shelter or they may be transported in boats, trains, trucks or in freight and cargo. As temperatures cool in the fall, they seek out the same shelters that people use for home, or business, or transportation. Man has been plagued by rodent infestations for thousands of years.

 

General Facts:

Rodents are mammals of the order Rodentia, characterized by a single pair of continuously growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws. About forty percent of all mammal species are rodents, and they are found in vast numbers on all continents except Antarctica. They are the most diversified mammalian order and can be found in a variety of terrestrial habitats, including human-made environments. There are species that are arboreal, fossorial (burrowing), and semi-aquatic. Well known rodents include mice, rats, squirrels, prairie dogs, porcupines, beavers, guinea pigs, and hamsters. Other animals such as rabbits, hares and pikas, which could be confused with rodents, were once included with them, but are now considered to be in a separate order, Lagomorpha.

Most rodents are small animals with robust bodies, short limbs and long tails, but there are exceptions to this. They use their sharp incisors to gnaw food, excavate burrows and defend themselves. Most eat seeds or other plant material, but some have more varied diets. They tend to be social animals and many species live in societies with complex ways of communicating with each other. Mating among rodents can vary from monogamy, to polygyny, to promiscuity. Many have litters of underdeveloped, altricial young, while others have precocial young that are relatively well developed at birth.

Rodents have been used as food, for clothing, as pets and as laboratory animals in research. Some species, in particular the brown rat, the black rat and the house mouse, are serious pests, eating and spoiling food stored by humans, and spreading diseases. Accidentally introduced species of rodents are often considered to be invasive, as they sometimes threaten the survival of native species, such as island birds, previously isolated from land-based predators.

 

Rodent Control:

Good sanitation will limit the number of rats or mice that can survive in around your dwelling or business. Proper storage and handling of food products, proper sanitation will not completely eliminate the possibility of a rat infestation, but will make your home less suitable for them to thrive. The most successful rat control procedure is to build them out and make their access to your living area virtually impossible. All small holes and opening should be sealed shut.