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Ticks

Why do you have ticks

Ticks prefer woods and tall grassy areas along animal trails. They cannot jump or fly but they will often lie in wait for a passing host in transitional zones such as where a forest meets a field, mowed lawn meets a fence line; a foot or animal trail pass through high grass and wooded areas. They become a problem inside homes when they are carried in on animals or humans. . Typically, they live, along animal trails, and in animal nests and dens like woodpiles, burrows in the ground, stumps, logs, old rat and bird nests, and crawlspaces. In some years, ticks may become locally abundant, especially in wet areas.

 

General Facts

Ticks are small arachnids (all having 8 legs) that survive on the blood of animals and are basically external parasites. They will typically attach themselves to mammals, birds, and sometimes reptiles and amphibians. Ticks pose serious health problems as they are known to carry and transmit disease and illness to humans and domestic animals. They are disease vectors (vectors are organisms that transmit infections from one host to another) of a number of illnesses, including Lyme disease, Colorado tick fever, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, African tick bite fever, tularemia, tick-borne relapsing fever, babesiosis, ehrlichiosis, Tick paralysis and tick-borne meningoencephalitis, as well as bovine anaplasmosis.

 

American Dog Tick

These ticks have a speckled white or creamy back side with a very flat appearance unless expanded with blood. They have short mouth parts and once they cut into the skin with their two chelicerae, they can anchor themselves with a single barbed structure called a hypostome. A female adult tick may lay thousands of eggs. Once the eggs hatch, the larval ticks rapidly disperse and normally find a small mammal or lizard as a host.

 

Black Legged Deer Tick

The black-legged or deer tick can be recognized by its much smaller size and reddish dorsal appearance. They have longer mouth parts than the American dog tick. The larval tick is about the size of the period at the end of this sentence. After these ticks settle on their hosts they extract blood. After a female finishes her final blood meal, she drops off the host animal and can lay from 2,000 to 18,000 eggs on the ground.

 

Brown Dog Tick

The adult dog tick is shaped like a flat tear drop. They are generally 1/8 – 3/16 inch in length an they are primarily a parasite of dogs. However, it will readily feed on humans or cats. They prefer climates that are warm and dry. After feeding, the tick usually drops from their host, to look for a sheltered location to either molt or lay eggs. After the molting is complete, the tick will lay in wait for a host. After she lays her eggs, she will soon die.

 

Control

Tick control normally involves educating our customers in how to create a landscape that repels ticks. This can be achieved by regularly cutting grass, racking up leaves and creating barriers between garden plants with mulch. These simple steps immediately reduce the risk of your family or pets suffering ticks bites.

Keep Deer Away. Deer often carry ticks. Remove any food that deer like to eat, and they’ll come by less often. Also, try repellents to keep them out of your yard.

Treat Your Pets: they get into all sorts of places and can pick up ticks any time they go outside. Talk to your veterinarian about effective tick controls for your pets.

Use Mouse Targeting Devices: Ticks become infected with disease-causing pathogens when they feed on reservoir animals. Most studies support the notion that white-footed mice are the main host for Lyme disease spirochetes; in most settings, mice are the primary culprits for producing infected ticks.